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2 euro FRANCE (2010) 70th Anniversary of de Gaulle's Appeal

2 euro 2010 - 70th Anniversary of de Gaulle's Appeal - coins of France
2 euro 2010 - 70th Anniversary of de Gaulle's Appeal - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
25.75 mm 8.5 g 2.22 mm Cu75Ni25/Cu75Zn20Ni5
obverse:
in the coin centre Charles de Gaulle facing slightly right is reading the appeal to the microphone using notes; on the notes concave letters: RF (RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE - French Republic); above in three lines: 70 ANS / APPEL / 18 JUIL (70 years of Appeal - 18 June); on top year of issue 2010; at the edge a ring of twelve five-pointed stars - symbol of the European Union
reverse:
left from the coin centre face value: 2, on the right inscription: EURO; in the background of the inscription a map of Europe; in the background of the map vertically six parallel lines ending on both sides with five-pointed stars (the reverse is common for all euro coins)
edge:
reeded with concave inscription: edge of French 2 euro coins
issue date:
25 V 2010
withdrawal date:
in circulation
designer:
???, Luc Luycx (initials LL below letter O in EURO in the reverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before year of issue in the obverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Hubert Larivière - horn)
mintage:
2010 20 000 000 + 1 500 in annual boxed sets
+ 20 000 in boxed commemorative sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
On May 10, 1940 Germany attacked France and during the following month German troops reached Paris. The French government broke up into two camps - supporters of further fight and supporters of surrender. The leader of the latter Marshal Philippe Pétain on June 17 gave a radio speech in which he announced that he had begun capitulation negotiations. A day later, through the BBC Radio in London the speech was given by General Charles de Gaulle, contemporary vice-Minister of National Defence. In his speech he called on the French to disobey and continue the fight against the Germans. This appeal is considered the beginning of the French Resistance and de Gaulle became the commander of the troops, who sought shelter in the British Isles. For this insubordination de Gaulle was sentenced to death in absentia by the French military court, but the history proved that the General was right. In liberated France, de Gaulle became the head of government, and in years 1959-1969 he was the president of France. French commemorative coin of 2 euro from 2010 commemorates the 70th anniversary of his radio appeal on June 18, 1940.

General Charles de Gaulle in the BBC editorial in London on June 18, 1940.

Charles de Gaulle in BBC editorial
photo: DR
last update: 20 XI 2013

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