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10 centimes FRANCE (1962-2001)

10 centimes 1962-2001 - coins of France
10 centimes 1962-2001 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
20.0 mm 3.0 g 1.45 mm Cu92Al6Ni2
obverse:
in the coin centre personification of France - bust of Marianne in a Phrygian cap facing left; along the top edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
reverse:
in the coin centre in two lines large face value: 10 / CENTIMES; below year of issue; along the bottom edge wreath of the laurel branch on the left and cereal ear on the right; along the top right edge in two lines motto of France: LIBERTE • EGALITE / • FRATERNITE • (liberty, equality, fraternity)
edge:
plain
issue date:
13 XI 1961
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Henri Lagriffoul (signature LAGRIFFOUL at Marianne's neck in the obverse), Adrien Dieudonné (signature A.DIEUDONNE before LIBERTE along the reverse edge)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Paris (1962-1972), Beaumont-le-Roger (1965-1966) or Pessac (from 1973) (mint mark on the left side of the year of issue in the reverse, on the right side of the year of issue privy mark of mint's director Raymond Joly - owl - in years 1962-1974, Emile Rousseau - dolphin - in years 1975-1994, Pierre Rodier - bee - in years 1994-2000 or Gérard Buquoy - horseshoe - in 2001)

mint marks
mintage:
1962 29 100 000 owl
1963 217 601 000 owl
1964 93 434 600 owl + 25 600 in annual boxed sets
1965 41 255 000 owl + 35 000 in annual boxed sets
1966 16 429 171 owl + 7 171 in annual boxed sets
1967 196 730 305 owl + 2 305 in annual boxed sets
1968 111 703 000 owl + 3 000 in annual boxed sets
1969 129 536 050 owl + 6 050 in annual boxed sets
1970 77 030 000 owl + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1971 26 292 000 owl + 12 000 in annual boxed sets
1972 45 715 000 owl + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1973 58 079 000 owl + 79 000 in annual boxed sets
1974 92 088 811 owl + 98 800 in annual boxed sets
1975 74 502 011 dolphin + 52 000 in annual boxed sets
1976 137 355 711 dolphin + 37 500 in annual boxed sets
1977 140 135 011 dolphin + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1978 154 384 011 dolphin + 24 000 in annual boxed sets
1979 140 040 511 dolphin + 40 500 in annual boxed sets
1980 140 010 011 dolphin + 60 000 in annual boxed sets
1981 100 000 011 dolphin + 26 000 in annual boxed sets
1982 110 002 511 dolphin + 27 500 in annual boxed sets
1983 150 000 972 dolphin + 16 561 in annual boxed sets
1984 200 002 447 dolphin + 13 836 in annual boxed sets
1985 170 004 511 dolphin + 12 500 in annual boxed sets
1986 150 007 011 dolphin + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1987 149 995 967 dolphin + 11 956 in annual boxed sets
1988 145 890 576 dolphin + 10 565 in annual boxed sets
1989 179 995 449 dolphin + 11 438 in annual boxed sets
1990 180 002 011 dolphin + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1991 179 986 511 dolphin + 2 500 in annual boxed sets
1992 129 970 709 dolphin + 2 698 in annual boxed sets
1993 149 971 106 dolphin + 3 095 in annual boxed sets
1994 103 000 000 dolphin
1994 76 971 768 bee + 3 707 in annual boxed sets
1995 169 980 011 bee + 4 000 in annual boxed sets
1996 179 981 013 bee + 5 000 in annual boxed sets
1997 551 991 013 bee + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1998 350 025 013 bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1999 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
2000 60 101 013 bee + 101 000 in annual boxed sets
2001 - horseshoe + 125 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
In years 1991, 1992 and 1993 there exist coins with reverses not rotated by 180° in respect to obverses (medal alignment in American terminology), 2500, 2698 and 3095 pieces were produced in respective years and placed in annual boxed sets;

1994 - coins with a privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau dolphin or with the privy mark of Pierre Rodier bee
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The entire year 1965 and almost entire 1966 was produced in the Beaumont-le-Roger plant, but using exactly the same stamp as the Paris plant was using. In 1966 only 32 000 coins come from the Paris plant. It is however, impossible to distinguish these from the ones produced in Beaumont-le-Roger.

Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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