(En) (Pl)

20 centimes FRANCE (1962-2001)

20 centimes 1962-2001 - coins of France
20 centimes 1962-2001 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
23.5 mm 4.0 g 1.5 mm Cu92Al6Ni2
obverse:
in the coin centre personification of France - bust of Marianne in a Phrygian cap facing left; along the top edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
reverse:
in the coin centre in two lines large face value: 20 / CENTIMES; below year of issue; along the bottom edge wreath of the laurel branch on the left and cereal ear on the right; along the top right edge in two lines motto of France: LIBERTE • EGALITE / • FRATERNITE • (liberty, equality, fraternity)
edge:
plain
issue date:
13 XI 1961
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Henri Lagriffoul (signature LAGRIFFOUL at Marianne's neck in the obverse), Adrien Dieudonné (signature A.DIEUDONNE before LIBERTE along the reverse edge)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Paris (until 1972) or Pessac (from 1973) (mint mark on the left side of the face value in the reverse, on the right side of the face value privy mark of mint's director Raymond Joly - owl - in years 1965-1974, Emile Rousseau - dolphin - in years 1975-1994, Pierre Rodier - bee - in years 1994-2000 or Gérard Buquoy - horseshoe - in 2001)

mint marks
mintage:
1962 48 200 000 owl
1963 190 330 000 owl
1964 127 521 000 owl + 25 600 in annual boxed sets
1965 27 024 000 owl + 35 000 in annual boxed sets
1966 21 755 000 owl + 7 171 in annual boxed sets
1967 138 780 000 owl + 2 305 in annual boxed sets
1968 77 408 000 owl + 3 000 in annual boxed sets
1969 50 570 000 owl + 6 050 in annual boxed sets
1970 70 040 000 owl + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1971 31 080 000 owl + 12 000 in annual boxed sets
1972 39 740 000 owl + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1973 45 240 000 owl + 79 000 in annual boxed sets
1974 54 250 011 owl + 98 800 in annual boxed sets
1975 40 570 011 dolphin + 52 000 in annual boxed sets
1976 117 340 211 dolphin + 37 500 in annual boxed sets
1977 100 340 011 dolphin + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1978 125 015 011 dolphin + 24 000 in annual boxed sets
1979 70 000 011 dolphin + 40 500 in annual boxed sets
1980 19 950 011 dolphin + 60 000 in annual boxed sets
1981 124 974 011 dolphin + 26 000 in annual boxed sets
1982 149 975 011 dolphin + 27 500 in annual boxed sets
1983 109 984 411 dolphin + 16 561 in annual boxed sets
1984 199 986 611 dolphin + 13 836 in annual boxed sets
1985 149 990 011 dolphin + 12 500 in annual boxed sets
1986 39 985 011 dolphin + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1987 59 985 011 dolphin + 11 956 in annual boxed sets
1988 223 220 011 dolphin + 10 565 in annual boxed sets
1989 139 985 011 dolphin + 11 438 in annual boxed sets
1990 49 990 011 dolphin + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1991 39 990 011 dolphin + 2 500 in annual boxed sets
1992 89 965 011 dolphin + 2 698 in annual boxed sets
1993 109 970 011 dolphin + 3 095 in annual boxed sets
1994 60 000 000 dolphin
1994 79 969 661 bee + 3 707 in annual boxed sets
1995 109 975 011 bee + 4 000 in annual boxed sets
1996 139 979 013 bee + 5 000 in annual boxed sets
1997 436 216 513 bee + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1998 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1999 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
2000 83 385 013 bee + 101 000 in annual boxed sets
2001 - horseshoe + 125 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
In years 1991, 1992 and 1993 there exist coins with reverses not rotated by 180° in respect to obverses (medal alignment in American terminology) - 2500, 2698 and 3095 pieces were produced in respective years and placed in annual boxed sets;

1994 - coins with a privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau dolphin or with the privy mark of Pierre Rodier bee

coins variety
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

coins catalogue :: katalog monet :: münzkatalog :: catalogue de monnaies :: catálogo de monedas :: catalogo monete :: каталог монет :: κέρματα κατάλογος :: COINZ.eu

© 2010-2021 :: Adam Kubicki :: COINZ.eu :: All rights reserved.