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1 franc FRANCE (1989) 200 Years of Estates-General

1 franc 1989 - 200 Years of Estates-General - coins of France
1 franc 1989 - 200 Years of Estates-General - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
24.0 mm 6.0 g 1.8 mm Ni98
in the coin centre in two lines face value: 1 / FRANC surrounded by a laurer wreath; along the top edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE. (French Republic); along the bottom edge year of issue 1989; ring of cones at the edge
in the coin centre three figures of Estate General representatives en face; in the background aditorium in Versailles; on the bottom inscription in two lines: CONVOCATION DES ÉTATS GÉNÉRAUX / 5 MAI 1789 (convocation of Estates-General 5 May 1789)
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint) based on design of Pierre Joseph Tiolier, Claudine Béréchel (signature BÉRÉCHEL along the bottom edge of the obverse)
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before year of issue in the obverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau - dolphin)
1989 5 000 011 + 12 000 in annual boxed sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Estates-General (in French États-Généraux) was convened by the king of France as his advisory body composed of representatives of three states: the nobility, the clergy and the third estate (mainly the burghers and the peasantry). Their history dates back to the early 14th century during the reign of Philip IV. In 1789, less than five centturies later, the Estates-General convened by Louis XVI was transformed into the National Assembly (in French Assemblée Nationale Constituante), which ended the era of royal absolutism. This became the trigger for the French Revolution, conquest of Bastille and the proclamation of the First French Republic.

Versailles - the auditorium of Estates-General.


The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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