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2 francs FRANCE (1997) Georges Guynemer

2 francs 1997 Georges Guynemer  - coins of France
2 francs 1997 Georges Guynemer  - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
26.5 mm 7.5 g 1.75 mm Ni98
obverse:
in the coin centre bust of Georges Guynemer in pilot's clothing facing slightly left; on the right: RF (REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE - French Republic); below year of issue 1997; along the top edge: GEORGES GUYNEMER 1894-1917; frame in a shape of octagon
reverse:
above coin centre face value: 2 F (FRANCS); below stork flying leftwards; along the bottom edge motto of France: LIBERTÉ - ÉGALITÉ - FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity); frame in a shape of octagon
edge:
reeded
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before face value in the reverse, after face value privy mark of mint's director Pierre Rodier - bee)
mintage:
1997 1 997 513 + 2 500 in boxed sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The commemorative coin of 2 francs from 1997 commemorates the 80th anniversary of death of Georges Guynemer (1894-1917) - captain, pilot, fighter ace of French Air Force during World War I. Guynemer achieved 53 victories in aerial combat, as well as 600 sorties. This adored by the French pilot, named "Ace of Aces" was shot down over Belgium. His body was never found.

The stork shown in the coin reverse comes from insignia of fighter squadron "Storks" Escadrille SPA 3, in which Guynemer served.

Georges Guynemer

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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