(En) (Pl)

5 francs FRANCE (1970-2001)

5 francs 1970-2001 - coins of France
5 francs 1970-2001 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
29.0 mm 10.0 g 2.1 mm Cu75Ni25 Ni-plated
obverse:
in coin centre personification of France - figure of Marianne in Phrygian cap sowing cereal leftwards (La Semeuse), in the background the Sun hidden mostly below the horizon; along the left edge: REPUBLIQUE, along the right: FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
reverse:
in the coin centre olive and oak branches together with cereal ears; above in two lines face value: 5 / FRANCS; along the bottom edge year of issue; along the top edge motto of France: LIBERTE • EGALITE • FRATERNITE (liberty, equality, fraternity)
edge:
reeded
issue date:
24 IX 1969
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint) based on design of Louis Oscar Roty (signature O.ROTY on the bottom of the obverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Paris (until 1972) or Pessac (from 1973) (mint mark before face value 5 in the reverse, after face value 5 privy mark of mint's director Raymond Joly - owl - in years 1970-1974, Emile Rousseau - dolphin - in years 1975-1994, Pierre Rodier - bee - in years 1994-2000 or Gérard Buquoy - horseshoe - in 2001)

mint marks
mintage:
1970 57 890 000 owl + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1971 142 204 000 owl + 12 000 in annual boxed sets
1972 45 492 000 owl + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1973 45 079 000 owl + 79 000 in annual boxed sets
1974 26 888 000 owl + 98 800 in annual boxed sets
1975 16 712 000 dolphin + 52 000 in annual boxed sets
1976 1 662 000 dolphin + 37 500 in annual boxed sets
1977 485 000 dolphin + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1978 30 022 000 dolphin + 24 000 in annual boxed sets
1979 10 000 dolphin + 40 500 in annual boxed sets
1980 - dolphin + 60 000 in annual boxed sets
1981 24 000 dolphin + 26 000 in annual boxed sets
1982 32 200 dolphin + 27 500 in annual boxed sets
1983 84 400 dolphin + 16 561 in annual boxed sets
1984 36 400 dolphin + 13 836 in annual boxed sets
1985 7 600 dolphin + 12 500 in annual boxed sets
1986 - dolphin + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1987 19 993 967 dolphin + 11 956 in annual boxed sets
1988 85 000 dolphin + 10 565 in annual boxed sets
1989 83 000 dolphin + 11 438 in annual boxed sets
1990 15 000 011 dolphin + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1991 7 488 011 dolphin + 2 500 in annual boxed sets
1992 9 966 011 dolphin + 2 698 in annual boxed sets
1993 14 970 011 dolphin + 3 095 in annual boxed sets
1994 6 000 000 dolphin
1994 3 973 818 bee + 3 707 in annual boxed sets
1995 19 990 011 bee + 4 000 in annual boxed sets
1996 12 000 bee + 5 000 in annual boxed sets
1997 - bee + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1998 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1999 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
2000 - bee + 100 000 in annual boxed sets
2001 - horseshoe + 125 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
In years 1991, 1992 and 1993 there exist coins with reverses not rotated by 180° in respect to obverses (medal alignment in American terminology) - 2500, 2698 and 3095 pieces were produced in respective years and placed in annual boxed sets;

in annual boxed sets from years 1991-2001 instead of the designer's signature O.ROTY there is inscription: D'AP O.ROTY (D'APRÉS OSCAR ROTY - based on Oscar Roty);

1994 - coins with a privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau dolphin or with the privy mark of Pierre Rodier bee
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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