(En) (Pl)

5 francs FRANCE (1994) Voltaire

5 francs 1994 Voltaire - coins of France
5 francs 1994 Voltaire - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
29.0 mm 10.0 g 2.1 mm Cu75Ni25 Ni-plated
in the coin centre head of French writer facing slightly right; along the top edge: • RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE • (French Republic); along the bottom edge: 1964 VOLTAIRE 1978
in the coin centre a quill, below signature of Voltaire; in the background Panteon in Paris - burial place of the writer, on the right face value: 5 F (FRANCS - francs); on top year of issue 1994; along the top edge motto of France: LIBERTÉ • ÉGALITÉ • FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity)
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette - at Voltaire's ear in the obverse) based on design of Jean-Antoine Houdon
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark below letter "O" in VOLTAIRE in the reverse, below "R" in VOLTAIRE privy mark of mint's director Pierre Rodier - bee)
1994 15 000 031
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The commemorative coin of 5 francs from 1994 commemorates the 300th anniversary of birth of Voltaire (actually François-Marie Arouet - 1694-1778) - French writer of the Enlightenment. Below the sculpture of Voltaire by Jean-Antoine Houdon from the late 18th century.

Voltaire by Jean-Antoine Houdon
photo: licence CC-BY-SA 3.0

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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