(En) (Pl)

10 francs FRANCE (1986)

10 francs 1986 - coins of France
10 francs 1986 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
21.0 mm 6.5 g 2.5 mm steel
obverse:
in coin centre stylised rooster - symbol of France; above face value: 10 F (FRANCS); on the bottom year of issue 1986; along the top edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
reverse:
in the coin centre personification of France - Marianne's head in a laurel wreath facing left; in the background simplified map of France; along the top edge motto of France: LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity)
edge:
five plain and five reeded sections
issue date:
26 V 1986
withdrawal date:
18 II 1987
designer:
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette after year of issue 1986 in the obverse) based on design of Joaquin Jimenez (signature JIMENEZ after the rosette along the bottom edge of the obverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark at the bottom edge of the reverse on the left, on the right privy mark of mint's director Émile Rousseau - dolphin)
mintage:
1986 87 927 011 + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
There exists a stamp variety, in which the map of France, precisely Brittany, touches the frame of the reverse.
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
This type of coins was supposed to replace the larger 10-franc coins, but it was quickly withdrawn from circulation, officially, due to too small size. Apparently the ordered diameter of 21 mm looked completely different in presentations of decision-makers than in reality. By the end of 1986, these coins were practically not functioning in circulation.

Rooster is a symbol of France (Gaul) since the Roman times. This symbol appeared probably during the Roman period based on a wordplay of Latin gallus, which meant both rooster and Celt from Gaul region.

Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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