(En) (Pl)

10 francs FRANCE (1986) Robert Schuman

10 francs 1986 Robert Schuman - coins of France
10 francs 1986 Robert Schuman - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
21.0 mm 6.5 g 2.5 mm steel
in the coin centre stylised neck and head of a rooster - one of symbols of France; on the right in two lines concave face value: 10 / FRANCS, below concave year of issue 1986; along the left edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
on the right side head of French politician facing right; on the left side letter E composed of 12 five-pointed stars - symbol of the European Union; along the right edge motto of France: LIBERTÉ • ÉGALITÉ • FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity), along the bottom left edge with concave lettering: ROBERT SCHUMAN
five plain and five reeded sections
issue date:
7 X 1986
withdrawal date:
18 II 1987
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette below rooster's neck in the obverse) based on design of John Lobban (signature LOBBAN along the rooster's neck in the obverse)
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before RÉPUBLIQUE in the obverse, after FRANÇAISE privy mark of mint's director Émile Rousseau - dolphin)
1986 9 948 011 + 13 000 in annual boxed sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The commemorative coin of 10 francs from 1986 was issued to commemorate the 100th anniversary of birth of Robert Schumann (1886-1963) - French politician, Prime Minister of France. Schuman is considered one of the founding fathers of the united Europe.

Robert Schuman
photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-19000-2453; licence: CC-BY-SA 3.0

Rooster is a symbol of France (Gaul) since the Roman times. This symbol appeared probably during the Roman period based on a wordplay of Latin gallus, which meant both rooster and Celt from Gaul region.

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

coins catalogue :: katalog monet :: münzkatalog :: catalogue de monnaies :: catálogo de monedas :: catalogo monete :: каталог монет :: κέρματα κατάλογος :: COINZ.eu

© 2010-2021 :: Adam Kubicki :: COINZ.eu :: All rights reserved.