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10 francs FRANCE (1988) Roland Garros

10 francs 1988 Roland Garros - coins of France coin edge
10 francs 1988 Roland Garros - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
26.0 mm 10.0 g 2.6 mm Cu92Ni6Al2
below coin centre face value: 10 F (FRANCS), in the background bird with spread wings facing left and a contour of French coast of Atlantic; above year of issue 1988; along the bottom edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
in the coin centre bust of French pilot facing slightly right; above aircraft Morane-Saulnier N; along the bottom edge: ROLAND GARROS; along the top edge: 1888-1918
plain with concave inscription: LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ (motto of France - liberty, equality, fraternity) divided by olive branch, laurel branch and cereal ear
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
1 VII 1993
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette over letter "O" in ROLAND in the reverse) based on design of Harvé Duetthe (signature H.DUETTHE over the rosette in the reverse)
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before year of issue 1988 in the obverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Émile Rousseau - dolphin)
1988 29 964 011 + 9 000 in annual boxed sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The commemorative coin of 10 francs from 1988 commemorates the 100th anniversary of birth of Roland Garros (1888-1918) - French aviator, fighter pilot during the First World War, who was the first to shoot down the enemy using guns shooting through the propeller. This construction he developed together with airplanes designer Raymond Saulnier. Garros participated in air races. He has also set many records of flight altitude and distance.

Roland Garros and one of the types of aircrafts that he used - Morane-Saulnier N.

Roland Garros
photo licence: CC-BY-SA 3.0

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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