(En) (Pl)

10 francs FRANCE (1988-2001)

10 francs 1988-2001 - coins of France
10 francs 1988-2001 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
23.0 mm 6.5 g 2.2 mm Cu92Al6Ni2 / Ni
obverse:
in the coin centre Génie de la Liberté - figure crowning the July Column (Place de la Bastille); in the background capital letters: RF (République Française - French Republic); outer ring decorated with parallel stripes
reverse:
in the coin centre face value: 10 F (FRANCS); below year of issue; along the top edge: LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ, along the bottom one: FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity); in the background banches of parallel stripes
edge:
five plain and five reeded sections
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette below letter R in the obverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before year of issue in the reverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau - dolphin - in years 1988-1993, Pierre Rodier - bee - in years 1994-2000 or Gérard Buquoy - horseshoe - in 2001)

mint marks
mintage:
1988 99 982 011 dolphin + 10 565 in annual boxed sets
1989 249 966 011 dolphin + 11 438 in annual boxed sets
1990 249 990 011 dolphin + 10 000 in annual boxed sets
1991 249 987 011 dolphin + 2 500 in annual boxed sets
1992 99 966 111 dolphin + 2 698 in annual boxed sets
1993 - dolphin + 3 095 in annual boxed sets medal alignment
1994 - bee + 3 707 in annual boxed sets
1995 15 011 bee + 4 000 in annual boxed sets
1996 12 013 bee + 5 000 in annual boxed sets
1997 - bee + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1998 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1999 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
2000 27 956 013 bee + 100 000 in annual boxed sets
2001 - horseshoe + 125 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
1989 - 12 or 13 ridges in each reeded section of the edge;

in years 1991 and 1992 there exist coins with reverses not rotated by 180° in respect to obverses (medal alignment in American terminology) - 2 500 and 2 698 pieces were produced in respective years and placed in annual boxed sets
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Isuue of year 1993 was completely struck in medal alignment and placed in annual boxed sets.

Le Génie de la Liberté by the sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont from 1833 is crowning the July Column (La colonne de Juillet) on the Place de la Bastille in Paris.

Le Génie de la Liberté La colonne de Juillet

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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