(En) (Pl)

20 francs FRANCE (1992-2001)

20 francs 1992-2001 - coins of France coin edge
20 francs 1992-2001 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
27.0 mm 9.0 g 2.2 mm Cu92Al6Ni2 / Ni / Cu92Al6Ni2
obverse:
above coin centre Mont Saint-Michel; below coin centre reflection of the mount in waves; along the top edge: RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic)
reverse:
in coin centre face value: 20 F (FRANCS); below year of issue; along the top edge: LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ, along the bottom one: FRATERNITÉ (liberty, equality, fraternity); in the background banches of parallel stripes
edge:
five plain and five reeded sections or four plain and four reeded in part of 1992 issue
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
designer:
Atelier de gravure (group of designers of the Paris Mint - rosette in the water at right flank of the mount in the obverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint), Pessac (mint mark before year of issue in the reverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau - dolphin - in years 1992-1994, Pierre Rodier - bee - in years 1994-2000 or Gérard Buquoy - horseshoe - in 2001)
mintage:
1992 59 966 063 dolphin + 2 698 in annual boxed sets
1993 54 970 011 dolphin + 3 095 in annual boxed sets
1994 5 000 000 dolphin
1994 9 970 061 bee + 3 707 in annual boxed sets
1995 9 976 011 bee + 4 000 in annual boxed sets
1996 12 013 bee + 5 000 in annual boxed sets
1997 - bee + 15 000 in annual boxed sets
1998 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
1999 - bee + 25 000 in annual boxed sets
2000 - bee + 100 000 in annual boxed sets
2001 - horseshoe + 125 000 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
1992 - four ot five reeded sections on the edge - among these two varieties there exist two further varieties of a set-up of parallel stripes in the reverse. It is easiest to recognise by the lines crossing above the face value in the outer ring. plain surface between the stripes has a shape of a triangle \/ or a trapezoid \_/

In years 1992 and 1993 there exist coins with reverses not rotated by 180° in respect to obverses (medal alignment in American terminology) - 2 698 and 3 095 pieces were produced in respective years and placed in annual boxed sets

1994 - coins with a privy mark of mint's director Emile Rousseau dolphin or with the privy mark of Pierre Rodier bee
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
The Mont Saint-Michel is an island in the English Channel regularly dipped by tidal waves. At low tide one can get dry feet to the fortified Benedictine abbey and the town. The mount is one of the largest tourist attractions of France.

Mont Saint-Michel

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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