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20 euro cent GERMANY (2002-2006)

20 euro cent 2002-2006 - German coins
20 euro cent 2002-2006 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
22.25 mm 5.74 g 2.14 mm Cu89Al5Zn5Sn1
(Nordic Gold)
obverse:
in the centre in a disk the Brandenburg Gate; below year of issue; at the edge a ring of twelve five-pointed stars - symbol of the European Union
reverse:
right from the centre face value: 20, below in two lines: EURO / CENT; on the left a simplified map of Europe showing borders of countries - members of the EU in 1999; in the background of the map vertically six parallel lines ending on both sides with five-pointed stars (the reverse is common for all euro coins)
edge:
plain with seven indents (Spanish Flower)
issue date:
1 I 2002
withdrawal date:
circulating
designer:
Reinhard Heinsdorff, Luc Luycx (initials LL after 20 on the reverse)
mint:
(A) Staatliche Münze Berlin (The State Mint Berlin), Berlin;
(D) Bayerisches Hauptmünzamt (The Bavarian Main Mint), Munich;
(F) Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (State Mints of Baden-Wuerttemberg), Stuttgart;
(G) Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (State Mints of Baden-Wuerttemberg), Karlsruhe;
(J) Hamburgische Münze (The Hamburg Mint), Hamburg

(relevant mint mark below the year of issue in the obverse)
mintage:
A D F G J
2002 378 150 000
+ 135 000 *
367 000 000
+ 135 000 *
421 600 000
+ 135 000 *
251 900 000
+ 135 000 *
441 000 000
+ 135 000 *
2003 41 860 000
+ 140 000 *
24 100 000
+ 140 000 *
82 400 000
+ 140 000 *
42 100 000
+ 140 000 *
-
+ 140 000 *
2004 -
+ 140 000 *
49 760 000
+ 140 000 *
-
+ 140 000 *
-
+ 140 000 *
-
+ 140 000 *
2005 8 000 000
+ 100 000 *
8 400 000
+ 100 000 *
9 600 000
+ 100 000 *
5 600 000
+ 100 000 *
8 400 000
+ 100 000 *
2006 39 000 000
+ 90 000 *
40 950 000
+ 90 000 *
46 800 000
+ 90 000 *
27 300 000
+ 90 000 *
40 950 000
+ 90 000 *
2007 - - ~ 200 000 - -
* in annual sets
interesting facts:
In 2007 in the State Mint Stuttgart a short serie of coins was by mistake struck using old reverse dies.

The Brandenburg Gate, the most famous city-gate of Berlin, was designed by Karl Gotthard Langhans and built in years 1788-1791. It was topped by a statue of Roman goddess Victory in a Quadriga. After world war II it was standing in a border zone between West Berlin and communistic German Democratic Republic, what made it inaccesible. Only the unification of Germany re-opened the gate for the common use. The Brandenburg Gate became thus the symbol of the united Germany.

The Brandenburg Gate
photo: Cezary Piwowarski; licence: CC-BY-SA 3.0
last update: 3 XII 2014

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