(En) (Pl)

5 markkaa FINLAND (1972-1978)

5 markkaa 1972-1978 - coins of Finland 5 markkaa 1972-1978 - edge
5 markkaa 1972-1978 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
26.3 mm 8.0 g 2.2 mm Cu93Al5Ni2
obverse:
above the coin centre Tarmo-class icebreaker floating among ice rightwards; below in two lines: SUOMI / FINLAND (Finland in Finnish and Swedish); on the bottom year of issue
reverse:
in the coin centre large face value: 5 (markkaa); on the sides concave and convex stylised birds; on the bottom: MARKKAA
edge:
plain with concave inscription: * SUOMEN TASAVALTA * REPUBLIKEN FINLAND
(Republic of Finland in Finnish and Swedish)
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
1 I 1998
designer:
Heikki Häiväoja
mint:
Rahapaja Oy (The Mint), Vantaa (below ice at the left edge of the obverse initial S of Finnish mint director Soiniemi in years 1972-1975, or initial K of Koivutanta in years 1976-1978)

mint marks
mintage:
1972 400 000 S
1973 2 188 000 S + 20 007 in annual boxed sets
1974 300 000 S + 79 258 in annual boxed sets
1975 300 000 S + 58 820 in annual boxed sets
1976 400 000 K + 45 263 in annual boxed sets
1977 300 000 K + 40 392 in annual boxed sets
1978 300 000 K + 39 745 in annual boxed sets
mint marks:
On Finnish coins produced after 1945 the following initials of directors of the Finnish Mint can be found:

S - Isak Gustaf Sundell (in years 1912 - 1947)
L - Vesa Uolevi Liuhto (1948)
H - Peippo Uolevi Helle (1948 - 1958)
S - Allan Alarik Soiniemi (1958 - 1975)
K - Timo Kauko Koivuranta (1976 - 1983)
N - Reino Tapio Nevalainen (1983 - 1987)
M - Reino Tapio Makkonen (1987 - 2006)
interesting facts:
The Baltic Sea surrounding Finland freezes every winter. In order to keep the ports opened in winter the fleet of icebreakers is necessary. Icebreaker Tarmo, built by Rakentaja Oy Wärtsilä in Helsinki in 1960, started a series, which included also Hanse, Varma, Apu as well as Swedish Tor and Njord. All of these ships, except for the damaged Hanse, serve to this day under flags of other countries.

Icebreaker Tarmo
last update: 12 VIII 2013

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