(En) (Pl)

5 markkaa FINLAND (1979-1993)

5 markkaa 1979-1993 - coins of Finland 5 markkaa 1979-1993 - edge
5 markkaa 1979-1993 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
26.3 mm 8.0 g 2.2 mm Cu93Al5Ni2
obverse:
above the coin centre the Uhro-class icebreaker floats among ice leftwards; below in two lines: SUOMI / FINLAND (Finland in Finnish and Swedish); below year of issue
reverse:
above the coin centre large face value: 5 (markkaa); below concave and convex stylised birds; on the bottom: MARKKAA
edge:
plain with concave inscription: * SUOMEN TASAVALTA * REPUBLIKEN FINLAND
(Republic of Finland in Finnish and Swedish)
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
1 I 1998
designer:
Heikki Häiväoja
mint:
Rahapaja Oy (The Mint), Vantaa (below ice at the right edge of the obverse initial K of Finnish mint director Koivuranta in years 1979-1983, or initial N of Nevalainen in years 1983-1987, or initial M of Makkonen in years 1987-1993)

mint marks
mintage:
1979 2 005 000 K + 36 000 in annual boxed sets
1980 501 000 K + 33 805 in annual boxed sets
1981 1 009 000 K + 36 100 in annual boxed sets
1982 3 004 000 K + 35 500 in annual boxed sets
1983 8 776 000 K + 30 100 in annual boxed sets
1983 11 230 000 N + 9 250 in annual boxed sets
1984 15 000 000 N + 31 100 in annual boxed sets
1985 8 005 000 N + 41 445 in annual boxed sets
1986 5 006 000 N + 40 180 in annual boxed sets
1987 660 000 N + 36 820 in annual boxed sets
1987 2 348 000 M + 16 860 in annual boxed sets
1988 3 042 000 M + 41 090 in annual boxed sets
1989 10 175 000 M + 59 582 in annual boxed sets
1990 9 925 000 M + 30 900 in annual boxed sets
1991 9 910 000 M + 35 000 in annual boxed sets
1992 547 000 M + 42 000 in annual boxed sets
1993 911 000 M + 20 150 in annual boxed sets
varieties:
1983 - coins with initial K of director Koivuranta or with initial N of Nevalainen;

1987 - coins with initial N of director Nevalainen or with initial M of Makkonen
mint marks:
On Finnish coins produced after 1945 the following initials of directors of the Finnish Mint can be found:

S - Isak Gustaf Sundell (in years 1912 - 1947)
L - Vesa Uolevi Liuhto (1948)
H - Peippo Uolevi Helle (1948 - 1958)
S - Allan Alarik Soiniemi (1958 - 1975)
K - Timo Kauko Koivuranta (1976 - 1983)
N - Reino Tapio Nevalainen (1983 - 1987)
M - Reino Tapio Makkonen (1987 - 2006)
interesting facts:
The Baltic Sea surrounding Finland freezes every winter. In order to keep the ports opened in winter the fleet of icebreakers is necessary. Icebreaker Urho, built by Rakentaja Oy Wärtsilä in Helsinki in 1975, along with its sister unit Sisu, serve on Finnish waters until today.

Icebreaker Urho
last update: 12 VIII 2013

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