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1 markka FINLAND (1952-1953)

1 markka 1952-1953 - coins of Finland
1 markka 1952-1953 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
16.0 mm 1.15 g 0.9 mm steel
obverse:
in the coin centre four interlinked loops (St. John cross); along the top edge: • SUOMEN TASAVALTA • (Republic of Finland in Finnish); along the bottom edge year of issue
reverse:
in the coin centre large face value: 1; along the bottom edge: MARKKA; on each of the side a symbol of tied hands
edge:
plain
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
1 I 1994
designer:
Peippo Uolevi Helle
mint:
Rahapaja Oy (The Mint), Vantaa
mintage:
1952 22 048 000
1953 28 618 000
varieties:
1952 - while refreshing obverse and reverse stamps four varieties were produced this year: 1) face value digit 1 low and close to letters 'RK' in MARKKA on the reverse, or 2) higher and far from the letters; 3) St. John cross on the obverse small and far from the legend, or 4) St. John cross large and almost touches the legend.

1953 - digits 9 and 5 in year of issue ending sharply on the bottom or ending with a decorative dot

coin variety
interesting facts:
The four interlinked loops shown on the coin obverse called the arms or the cross of St. John, sometimes the Bowen node. This symbol is probably a magical Viking sign, which symbolizes strength and prosperity. Finns perceive it as a symbol of happiness and have painted it for hundreds of years on the house doors and tools. It seems that the interpretation of the sign as infinity and eternity is equally correct. Today, in the countries of northern Europe, it is a sign indicating the important monument of culture.

The grave stone from Havor near Hablingo (Gotland) dated to AD 400-600.

Grave stone from Havor
photo: Raymond Hejdström
last update: 12 VIII 2013

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