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1 markka FINLAND (1953-1962)

1 markka 1953-1962 - coins of Finland
1 markka 1953-1962 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
16.0 mm 1.15 g 0.9 mm steel Ni-plated
obverse:
in the coin centre four interlinked loops (St. John cross); along the top edge: • SUOMEN TASAVALTA • (Republic of Finland in Finnish); along the bottom edge year of issue
reverse:
in the coin centre large face value: 1; along the bottom edge: MARKKA; on each of the side a symbol of tied hands
edge:
plain
issue date:
???  no data
withdrawal date:
1 I 1994
designer:
Peippo Uolevi Helle
mint:
Rahapaja Oy (The Mint), Vantaa
mintage:
1953 6 570 000
1954 36 400 000
1955 35 596 000
1956 29 108 000
1957 29 108 000
1958 19 940 000
1959 23 920 000
1960 22 016 000
1961 32 220 000
1962 29 040 000
varieties:
1956 - digits 9 and 6 in year of issue ending short or unnaturally long

coin variety

1959 - while refreshing reverse stamps in 1959 the look of letters 'A' in MARKKAA was improved and letters were struck in new shape since then on. Part of 1959 mintage was sproduced using old stamps.

coin variety
interesting facts:
The four interlinked loops shown on the coin obverse called the arms or the cross of St. John, sometimes the Bowen node. This symbol is probably a magical Viking sign, which symbolizes strength and prosperity. Finns perceive it as a symbol of happiness and have painted it for hundreds of years on the house doors and tools. It seems that the interpretation of the sign as infinity and eternity is equally correct. Today, in the countries of northern Europe, it is a sign indicating the important monument of culture.

The grave stone from Havor near Hablingo (Gotland) dated to AD 400-600.

Grave stone from Havor
photo: Raymond Hejdström
last update: 12 VIII 2013

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