(En) (Pl)

1 franc FRANCE (1941-1959)

1 franc 1941-1959 - coins of France
1 franc 1941-1959 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
23.0 mm 1.3 g 1.5 mm Al
in the coin centre personification of France - Marianne's head in Phrygian cap and a wreath facing left; along the left edge: REPVBLIQVE, along the right one: FRANÇAISE (REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE - French Republic)
in the coin centre in two lines face value: 1 / FRANC; below year of issue; along the left and right edge two cornucopias; along the top edge in two lines motto of France: LIBERTE - EGALITE / FRATERNITE (liberty, equality, fraternity)
issue date:
28 VI 1943
withdrawal date:
18 II 2002
Pierre-Alexandre Morlon (signature MORLON behind Marianne's head in the obverse)
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint) (mint mark before year of issue in the reverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Lucien Bazor - wing - in years 1941-1958 or Raymond Joly - owl - in 1959)

plant Paris (no letter between the bottoms of cornucopias in the reverse),

plant Beaumont-le-Roger (letter B between the bottoms of cornucopias in the reverse),

plant Castelsarrasin (letter C between the bottoms of cornucopias in the reverse)

mint marks
Paris Beaumont-le-Roger Castelsarrasin
1941 60 877 000 - - wing
1944 22 608 000 - 33 600 000 wing
1945 61 780 000 4 250 866 5 219 806 wing
1946 62 385 157 26 493 000 - wing
1947 110 448 000 51 562 000 - wing
1948 96 092 000 45 481 000 - wing
1949 41 090 000 35 840 000 - wing
1950 27 882 286 18 800 000 - wing
1957 16 497 000 63 976 000 - wing
1958 21 197 000 13 412 000 - wing
1959 41 985 000 - - owl
1944 - no letter (plant Paris) or letter C (plant Castelsarrasin);

1945 - no letter (plant Paris), or letter B (plant Beaumont-le-Roger), or letter C (plant Castelsarrasin);

coins variety

1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1957, 1958 - no letter (plant Paris) or letter B (plant Beaumont-le-Roger)

coins variety

coins variety

coins variety
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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