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10 francs FRANCE (1947-1949)

10 francs 1947-1949 - coins of France
10 francs 1947-1949 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
26.0 mm 7.0 g 1.8 mm Cu75Ni25
obverse:
in the coin centre personification of France - small Marianne's head in Phrygian cap and a laurel wreath facing right; along the left edge: REPVBLIQVE, along the right one: FRANÇAISE (REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE - French Republic); ring of rectangles at the edge
reverse:
above the coin centre in two lines face value: 10 / FRANCS; below year of issue; below in three lines motto of France: LIBERTE / EGALITE / FRATERNITE (liberty, equality, fraternity); a cereal ear on each side of the inscription; ring of rectangles at the edge
edge:
reeded
issue date:
16 VII 1945
withdrawal date:
7 VII 1953
designer:
Pierre Turin (signature P.TURIN below Marianne's neck along the obverse bottom
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint) (mint mark before year of issue in the reverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Lucien Bazor - wing)

plant Paris (no letter on the reverse bottom),

plant Beaumont-le-Roger (letter B on the reverse bottom)

mint marks
mintage:
Paris Beaumont-le-Roger
1947 < 41 627 000 < 17 187 500 together with the earlier type
1948 155 945 000 40 499 500
1949 111 972 500 29 517 500
varieties:
1947-1949 - no letter (plant Paris) or letter B (plant Beaumont-le-Roger)

1948B - mint mark - letter B exactly in the middle between FRATERNITE and the edge or letter B closer to the edge
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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