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20 francs FRANCE (1950-1954)

20 francs 1950-1954 - coins of France
20 francs 1950-1954 - obverse to reverse alignment
diameter: weight: thickness: alloy:
23.0 mm 4.0 g 1.65 mm Cu91Al9
obverse:
in the coin centre personification of France - Marianne's head in a laurel wreath facing left; along the left edge: REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE (French Republic); ring of rectangles at the edge
reverse:
above coin centre in two lines face value 20 / FRANCS; below year of issue; on the left a rooster - one of symbols of France; below a laurel branch; along the bottom edge motto of France: LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE (liberty, equality, fraternity); ring of rectangles at the edge
edge:
plain
issue date:
7 VII 1950
withdrawal date:
21 VIII 1969
designer:
Georges Guiraud (signature G.GUIRAUD in two lines along the right edge of the obverse)
mint:
Paris Mint mark La Monnaie de Paris (The Paris Mint) (mint mark before year of issue in the reverse, after year of issue privy mark of mint's director Lucien Bazor - wing)

plant Paris (no letter below year of issue in the reverse),

plant Beaumont-le-Roger (letter B below year of issue in the reverse)
mintage:
Paris Beaumont-le-Roger
1950 < 126 435 000 < 43 355 000 together with the earlier type
1951 97 922 000 46 814 790
1952 130 281 000 54 381 160
1953 60 158 000 42 409 050
1954 - ???
varieties:
1950, 1951, 1952, 1953 - no letter (plant Paris) or letter B (plant Beaumont-le-Roger)

1950, 1950B - three or four feathers in rooster's tail in the reverse

coin variety
mint marks:
Privy marks of the general engravers of the Mint of Paris, which can be found on French coins produced after 1944:
Lucien Bazor 1931-1958 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint wing
Raymond Joly 1958-1974 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint owl
Emile Rousseau 1974-1994 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint dolphin
Pierre Rodier 1994-2000 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint bee
Gérard Buquoy 2001-2002 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horseshoe
Serge Levet 2003 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint heart
Hubert Larivière 2004-2010 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint horn
Yves Sampo from 2011 privy mark of the engraver of the Paris Mint rosette
interesting facts:
Rooster is a symbol of France (Gaul) since the Roman times. This symbol appeared probably during the Roman period based on a wordplay of Latin gallus, which meant both rooster and Celt from Gaul region.


Marianne - the allegory of Liberty - the symbol of the culture and the national emblem of France. Her images adorn not only coins, but also stamps, state seals, institutions logos, courts of law. Marianne is presented mostly in the Phrygian cap (cap of liberty). Many monuments and paintings were devoted to her. She is often armed leading the French people to fight for liberty, equality and fraternity. Marianne's image changed over the years. Anonymous Marianne was represented by faces of movie stars such as Brigitte Bardot or Catherine Deneuve. Below the official logo of France and the French government.

Marianne - the symbol of France

The Paris Mint (La Monnaie de Paris) dating back to the 6th century is the oldest French institution, and some would say - oldest institution in the world. The mint office is located in the center of Paris in a complex called Hotel des Monnaies, which was opened on December 20, 1775. A cornucopia is the symbol placed on any coin minted by the Paris Mint from January 1, 1880. The second character visible on coins was a symbol of the general engraver (Graveur general). The tradition of this job dates back to 1547 when Henry II of Valois appointed a general engraver as the only person authorized to create the king's portrait. Only the design prepared by the general engraver could have been copied to the coins stamps in national mints. Starting from 2001, the heads of engravers workshop in the Paris Mint do not hold this traditional title anymore, but their privy marks still appear on French coins next to the mint mark.

The name of the French mint - La Monnaie de Paris - suggests that the plant producing coins is located in the French capital. This is however, only the company name and factories were placed in various French cities. At the moment, the only place producing coins of France (and of some other countries) is Pessac near Bordeaux.
last update: 20 XI 2013

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